The great plastic soup in the sea
A stain of plastic.
The existence of a "PLASTIC SOUP " floating in the Pacific Ocean has commanded the world’s attention. Born on the coast of California, it has consolidated past Hawaii and reaches almost to Japan. The PLASTIC SOUP has an area twice the US mainland.
According to investigations, the "plastic soup " is like a living being. It moves like a big animal without a leash and is capable of causing great catastrophes when approaching the coast as it does frequently in the Hawaiian archipelago. According to the United Nations, ocean pollution annually causes the death of more than a million seabirds and one hundred thousand marine mammals.
It is growing...
The size of the affected area is unknown but is estimated to be in the range of 700,000 square kilometers to more than 15 million square kilometers (approximately 0.41 % to 8.1 % of the size of the Pacific Ocean).
At the moment the "plastic soup" is up to 3 kilograms of plastic (6 pounds 6 ounces) per half kilo (1.1 pound) of plankton, which is the food of hundreds of marine species.
Scientists report that in some areas of the ocean it is impossible to find the bottom because it is covered by thick layers of plastic bags. Half of all plastic discharges sink in the ocean causing mollusks, crustaceans and other small animals that are part of the food chain and cleaners of the sea to perish.
Floating plastic particles are a risk to marine life.
The problem is serious
According to the UN, ocean pollution kills more than a million seabirds every year and 100,000 marine mammals.
Birds and marine mammals mistake the particles for fish eggs. An example: 40 percent of the albatross chicks on the Hawaiian Atoll at Midway die prematurely from this confusion. In the stomach of some mammals scientists have found syringes, lighters, toothbrushes and other items mistaken for food.
Where do we believe all the plastic bags and plastic bottles that we use daily end up? Environmentalists’ studies claim that the oceans are the main destination for all plastic waste generated throughout the planet.
Plastic is not biodegradable. As it decomposes, it morphs into polymers which are highly harmful to the health of any creature that ingest them.
To be clear, plastic never disintegrates, it becomes smaller and smaller into poisonous particles, "Oceans of Plastic" which fish breathe through their gills or birds swallow, mistaking it for food. Humans, in turn, end up eating fish and birds filled with plastic, mercury and other highly toxic substances.